According to the U.S. Department of Transportation, in 2013, 1371 operators across the country operated more than 2.1 million miles of gas-distribution pipelines, including both city mains and service pipelines that connect each meter to the main. While large industrial, electric-power-generator, and commercial customers may receive natural gas directly from the high-capacity inter- and intrastate pipelines, most end-users receive their gas from local gas companies that take delivery from the mains at the municipality (known as the citygate) and subsequently deliver it to the individual customer via a small-diameter distribution pipeline. According to a website produced by the industry trade association, the citygate is the critical market center for the pricing of natural gas.
Whether on the sending or receiving end of the natural gas distribution system, it is important that the actual value of transported gas is assessed correctly. Because natural gas is compressible, the volume varies as a result of live pressure and temperature changes occurring in the pipeline. Galvanic’s GasMicro electronic volume corrector compensates for these variations to calculate the true volume of gas flowing through the meter.
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