According to the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT), natural gas is America’s second largest source of energy, supplying 25 percent of all the energy Americans consume. In 2013, America’s network of natural gas pipelines covered more than 2.1 million miles. These pipelines deliver trillions of cubic feet of natural gas each year. Natural gas transport involves the sending and receiving of the energy content of natural gas. The Btu content determines the monetary value of the natural gas and the price paid or received at custody-transfer points. Because of this, a precise determination of Btu content is critical to meet contractual or regulatory specifications. Minute miscalculations of Btu content can add up rapidly to millions of dollar in loss or gains, which can make or break a company in today’s low-margin, highly competitive market.
Pipeline safety is another huge issue for pipeline companies. According to the DOT’s Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in 2013, it levied a record $9.7 million in civil penalties against pipeline operators who violated safety regulations. Hydrogen sulfide is a pungent, hazardous gas harmful to personnel at low levels. Accordingly, its concentration in natural gas is regulated by state and federal agencies and usually stipulated in contractual agreements between pipeline companies and their customers. Naturally occurring contaminants, H2S and CO2 are acid gases that can combine with moisture in the natural gas to form corrosive acids. These acids have detrimental effects on pipelines, associated machinery and analytical equipment. The corrosion caused can lead to failure causing leaks and supply outages reducing product flows and subsequent revenue.
Galvanic’s high-performance analyzers are tailor-made for critical pipeline applications, designed and built to optimize performance in the harshest monitoring environments.
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